Author Instructions

A. Typing Specifications
Manuscripts should be typed double columns with single spaced 10pt fonts.

B. Consecutive Numbering of Parts
All manuscript pages, footnotes, equations, and refer-ences should be labeled in consecutive numerical order. Illustrations and tables should be cited in text in numer-ical order.

C. Manuscript Formats
Full length papers generally consist of the title, byline, author affiliation, footnote (including any financial support acknowledgment), index terms, abstract, nomenclature if present, introduction, body, conclusions, reference list, list of figures and table captions, and original figures and tables for reproduction. A paper may also include appendixes, a glossary of symbols, and an acknowledgment of nonfinancial support.

D. Abstract
The abstract should be limited to 50–200 words and should concisely state what was done, how it was done, principal results, and their significance. The abstract will appear later in various abstracts journals and should contain the most critical information of the paper.

E. References
A numbered list of references must be provided at the end of the paper as a separate page or pages of the manuscript. The list should be arranged in the order of citation in text, not in alphabetical order. List only one reference per reference number.

Each reference number should be enclosed by square brackets. In text, citations of references may be given simply as “in [1] . . . ”, rather than as “in reference [1] . . . ”. Similarly, it is not necessary to mention the authors of a reference unless the mention is relevant to the text. It is almost never useful to give dates of references in text. These will usually be deleted by Staff Editors if included.

Footnotes or other words and phrases that are not part of the reference format do not belong on the reference list. Phrases such as “For example,” should not introduce references in the list, but should instead be given in

parentheses in text, followed by the reference number, i.e., “For example, see [5].”
Sample correct formats for various types of references are as follows.

[1]     G. O. Young, “Synthetic structure of industrial plastics,” in Plastics, 2nd ed., vol. 3, J. Peters, Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964, pp. 15–64.
[2]     W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123–135.

[3] J. U. Duncombe, “Infrared navigation—Part I: An assessment of feasibility,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-11, pp. 34–39, Jan. 1959.
[4] E. P. Wigner, “Theory of traveling-wave optical laser,” Phys. Rev., vol. 134, pp. A635–A646, Dec. 1965.
[5] E. H. Miller, “A note on reflector arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., to be published.

Articles from Conference Proceedings (published):
[6] D. B. Payne and J. R. Stern, “Wavelength-switched passively coupled single-mode optical network,” in Proc. IOOC-ECOC, 1985, pp. 585–590.

Papers Presented at Conferences (unpublished):
[7]     D. Ebehard and E. Voges, “Digital single sideband detection for interferometric sensors,” presented at the 2nd Int. Conf. Optical Fiber Sensors, Stuttgart, Germany, 1984.

Standards /Patents:
[8]     G. Brandli and M. Dick, “Alternating current fed power supply,” U.S. Patent 4 084 217, Nov. 4, 1978.

Technical Reports:
[9]     E. E. Reber, R. L. Mitchell, and C.J.Carter, “Oxygen absorption in the Earth’s atmosphere,” Aerospace Corp., Los Angeles, CA, Tech. Rep. TR-0200 (4230-46)-3, Nov. 1968.

F. Figures, Tables, and Captions List
Include all figures, tables and captions in the body of the test and check for size and legibility. JEET does not provide drafting or art services. Thus, the better the quality of the material submitted, the better the published result.

G. Section Headings
Primary section headings within papers are enume-rated by Roman numerals and are centered above the text. For the purpose of typing them manuscript only, primary headings should be capital letters. Sample:



Secondary section headings are enumerated by capital letters followed by periods (“A.”, “B.”, etc.) and are flush left above their sections. The first letter of each word is capitalized. In print the headings will be in italics. Sample:

A. Secondary Heading


Tertiary section headings are enumerated by Arabic numerals followed by a parenthesis. They are indented, run into the text in their sections, and are followed by a colon. The first letter of each important word is capital-ized. Sample:

1) Tertiary Heading: (TEXT)

Quaternary section headings are rarely necessary but are perfectly acceptable if required. They are identical to tertiary headings except that lowercase letters are used as labels and only the first letter of the heading is capital-ized. Sample:

a) Quaternary heading: (TEXT)

Enumeration of section headings is often desirable, but is not a requirement. If an author does choose to enumerate section headings, then ALL levels of section headings in the paper should be enumerated. Similarly, if section headings are not to be enumerated, the choice should be consistent for all headings in the paper. In either case, the remaining style rules for each level of section heading should be followed.

I. Mathematical Notation

To avoid errors in editing and typesetting, authors should clearly identify subscripts, superscripts, Greek letters, and other symbols. Add margin notes or other explanations wherever necessary. It is especially impor-tant to distinguish clearly between the following terms.

a) Capital and lowercase letters when used as sym- bols.
b) Zero and the letter “O.”
c) The lowercase letter “l,” and numeral one (1), and prime sign (´).
d) The letters “k” and ? (kappa), “u” and µ (mu), “v” and ? (nu), and “n” and ? (eta).

A wavy line under a character or letter indicates boldface type. (Bold type should be indicated for certain vectors and matrices.) A straight line under a character or letter indicates italic type. (Italic type should be indicated for all text variables.) Avoid ambiguities in equations and fractions in text through careful use of parentheses, brackets, solidi (slants), etc. Note that in text, fractions are usually “broken down” to fit on one line and confusion can result if terms are not properly labeled. The convention nal order of brackets is {[()]}.
For simplicity in international usage, KIEE practice is to separate numbers of more than four digits into groups of three on either side of the decimal point, separated by a space. If the magnitude of a number is less than zero, the decimal sign should be preceded by a zero. Examples:

12 531 7465 9.2163 0.102 834

Use of the multidot (.) rather than the multi when multiplying by powers of ten in equations or text is at the author’s discretion.

H. Units and Abbreviations
The International System of Units (SI units) is advocated for use in KIEE publications. Unit symbols should be used with measured quantities, i.e., 1 mm, but not when unit names are used in text without quantities, i.e., “a few millimeters.” Acronyms and abbreviations should be defined the first
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